Alexis Carrel won the Noble Prize his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs in 1912. He achieved the first transplants in history. He also was able to remove organs and keep them alive for extended periods of time.
For more information on Permanent Life of Tissueshere is an installment from Alexis Carrel Transplants Blood Vessels and Organs by Genevieve Grandcourt: http://dld.bz/febax
Don't forget The Basic History Library (free). ------------->